Title:The Distributional Impacts and Economic Influence of Parental Benefit on Czech Households
Project leader:doc. Ing. Robert Jahoda, Ph.D.
Funding provider:MPSV
Project leader-external:
Co-worker (external):
Project start:2010
Project end:2010
Recipient:VÚPSV, v.v.i.

The project focuses on the impact of financial factors that make it difficult for women on parental leave to re-enter the labour market. International comparisons show that the Czech Republic is among one of the countries with the lowest rate of employed women that raise children under three years. If a woman decides to enter the labour market before the end of parental leave, she can encounter a situation when the net financial effect of her return to work is negative. This situation is influenced by a combination of increase in taxes, decrease in social benefits and growing costs necessary for the provision of child care. The project analyses the influence of individual factors concerning various types of model households. The choice of model households has been based on data from the Czech Statistical Office and should correspond to the real structure of households in the Czech society. The project identifies the following three factors hindering easier return of women to work: (1) the family loses a parental benefit if the child attends a facility providing daylong care (creche); (2) the family disqualifies for tax reliefs if the woman’s income exceeds a certain limit; and (3) the family has direct costs connected to child care provision if a day nursery is not available. The aim of the project is not to propose concrete changes in legislation that would improve the current situation. Nevertheless, it presents the impact of partial modifications of the current system on the way women decide about their economic activity. Further, the project contains a general calculation of impacts of various decisions on the volume of tax and benefit transfers to families from the point of view of the public sector.

  • The list of publications relating to the project