Title:Poverty, material deprivation and social exclusion in the Czech Republic with an emphasis on children and households raising children
Project leader:prof. PhDr. Tomáš Sirovátka, CSc.
Funding provider:MPSV
Co-worker:doc. Ing. Robert Jahoda, Ph.D.
Project leader-external:
Co-worker (external):
Project start:2015
Project end:2015
Recipient:VÚPSV, v.v.i.

The aim of the study was to analyse the risks of poverty, material deprivation and social exclusion in Czech families raising children in the period 2008 to 2013 based on SILC data supplemented with qualitative techniques. At first sight, the overall situation and accompanying trends appear, to some extent, to be contradictory. On the one hand there is evidence of positive development while on the other, certain specific problems appear to be both emerging and increasing in extent. On the positive side, the risk of poverty in the Czech Republic has dropped to the lowest level in the EU, in particular with respect to those households which are more susceptible to this risk such as those with a very low level of work intensity or incomplete households. The risk of poverty is due to the interplay of several factors of which the most important concerns the labour market position of the parents and which also includes other factors such as education, age, health status, number of children, completeness of the family etc. On the other hand, the incidence of so-called “severe poverty” appears to be on the increase, i.e. in cases where the family income is lower than the subsistence minimum following the deduction of housing costs and where the income is not sufficient to cover the basic needs of the household. The effectiveness of social transfers in the Czech Republic (without taking into account old age pensions) is substantially above that of the EU 28 average. However, when compared to 2008, the level of effectiveness with concern to the elimination of poverty has decreased by 6 percentage points. The investigation of subjective perceptions of poverty and material deprivation in families raising children has documented that one of the most important factors (and one which is often ignored) in terms of breaking the cycle of deprivation consists of the level of expenditure on the education of children including on the provision of transport to school and out-of-school activities.

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