The project aimed to map the topic of the factual and legal definition of that category of persons with disabilities and methods employed to increase the level of protection of such persons in the labour market within the employment systems of selected European countries. The countries selected consist of Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Slovakia, Sweden and the United Kingdom. For reasons of comparison, a description of the system in the Czech Republic has also been included.
The study deals with methods of addressing the above-mentioned topic in these countries. For the purposes of employment policy, the study seeks to answer questions such as who is considered a person with a disability, how this status is determined and ways in which these persons are protected and supported in the labour market. With respect to the aims of the study, the descriptions of systems in individual countries are always divided into three thematic sections.
The first section focuses on defining the terms 'disability' and 'person with disability' with regard to employment. Within this section, attention is also devoted to the question of whether, in this field, the concept of a person with disability is independent or whether it is linked to the social security system.
Within the context of defining the status of a person with disability in the field of employment, the topic of whether the systems in the countries under review include the analogical category of a person with “lighter disability”, which forms part of the Czech system, was also explored.
The second section deals with questions concerning how disability is determined for the purposes of employment policy in each of the countries, who is responsible for assessment and which criteria they employ, and which body finally decides on the granting of the status of a person with disability.
The third section includes an overview of the key measures and instruments used in supporting the employment of persons with disabilities and their protection in the labour market.